To understand the meaning of team it needs two separate words group and team. Although in some cases group or team is synonymous, there is some difference between them. According to Moorhead and Griffin, the group is formed when two or more people who interact with one another such that each person influences and are influenced by each other person. On the other hand, team defines as a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable.
Upon consideration, it is better to call athletes group as a team rather than a group. In general, according to the theory of sports psychology, team refers to those members who work (play) together and have a strong influence on each other on the success of the team. The success of a team will be feasible when this group is formed of certain specific conditions.
The initial stage of team formation is forming stage. At this stage, the team members are introduced each other and they have to stick to some basic rules of discipline.
The second stage of team formation is called storming stage. At this stage, team members are competing for their position and each person specifies their position in the team.
The third stage is called norming stage. During this stage, the team comes in a stable and whole team is formed. Team members are connected with each other through cohesion.
The fourth stage of team formation is performing stage. At this stage, team members are aware of their responsibility. They all achieve a moral sense of belongingness. And the team is able to work towards achieving the goal and success through belongingness.
The final stage of team formation is adjourning stage. During this stage, the team continued to be successful for its proper purpose.